GACE Health and Physical Education

The Health and Physical Education assessment, offered as part of the Georgia Assessments for the Certification of Educators, is divided into two tests.

The first test consists of 85 selected-response questions. The content areas covered by the first test are: mental and emotional health/professional issues; personal health and wellness, sexual health, and nutrition; safety and injury prevention; and alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Some of the topics covered by the mental and emotional health/professional issues subarea are: psychosocial development/emotional well-being; the consequences of risk-taking behaviors; the functions of various types of interpersonal relationships; the opportunities available for health education advocacy; and the factors influencing the content of health education. Some of the topics covered by the personal health and wellness, sexual health, and nutrition subarea are: the concepts of personal hygiene; the patterns and stages of physical, cognitive, social, and emotional growth and development; the role of the body’s immune system; the stages that occur during pregnancy and childbirth; the components of a balanced diet; and how to evaluate diets relative to personal needs. Some of the topics covered by the safety and injury prevention, and alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs subarea are: appropriate ways to respond to accidents; the characteristics of safe and unsafe places for play, travel, and recreation; the effects of substance use and abuse; the appropriate uses of medicines; and the classifications of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

The second test consists of 85 selected-response questions. The content areas covered by the second test are: basic sciences of physical education; motor learning and motor development; sports, activities, and fitness; and instructional principles and professionalism in physical education. The topics covered by the basic sciences of physical education subarea are: biomechanics and kinesiology; exercise physiology and fitness; anatomy and physiology; the components of flexibility; and the major muscle groups. Some of the topics covered by the motor learning and motor development subarea are: instructional prompts and cues for providing motor performance feedback; skill themes and ways to promote movement concepts; movement principles and their application; and critical elements of movement patterns. Some of the topics covered by the sports, activities, and fitness subarea are: the critical elements essential to competent performance in individual, dual, and lifetime sports; principles of training and conditioning; principles and techniques for designing a fitness plan; and the effect of participation in sports and activities. The topics covered by the instructional principles and professionalism in physical education subarea are: management and motivation as it relates to physical education; communication and collaboration as related to physical education; the principles involved in physical education planning and instruction; and the principles of student assessment, adapted physical education, and professionalism.

The examination must be completed within four hours. Test-takers will receive performance indices indicating their success in each subarea of the examination. Scores will be available approximately a month after the date of the examination; unofficial results are posted on the internet, and an official score report is mailed to the test-taker, the Professional Standards Commission, and the institution specified by the test-taker during registration.

GACE Health and Physical Education Practice Questions

1. How does a warm-up period before exercise help to preserve the joints?

A: It encourages the uptake of lactic acid.
B: It increases the proportion of blood in the thoracic cavity.
C: It stimulates the release of synovial fluid, which lubricates the joints.
D: It activates the sympathetic nervous system.

2. During which stage of pregnancy will the mother begin feeling the baby move?

A: First trimester
B: Second trimester
C: Third trimester
D: Fourth trimester

3. What is another name for kinesthesis?

A: tonic neck response
B: coordination
C: proprioception
D: reflex action

4. What is the clinical name for a sudden, temporary decrease in the flow of oxygen to heart tissue?

A: pelvic inflammatory disease
B: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
C: angina pectoris
D: heartburn

5. Which part of the brain is responsible for refining skilled movements?

A: cerebrum
B: medulla oblongata
C: pons
D: cerebellum

Answer Key

1. C. The presence of synovial fluid reduces wear and tear on the joints.
2. B. The mother typically begins feeling the baby’s movements during the fifth and sixth months of pregnancy.
3. C. Both of these terms refer to an individual’s awareness of the arrangement of his or her own body parts.
4. C. Angina pectoris causes immediate discomfort, and puts the individual at a greater risk of heart attack.
5. D. The cerebellum coordinates muscular contractions and the movements of the skeleton.